Types of Metabolic Diseases of Muscle

This section provides information about 10 metabolic diseases of muscle. Each one gets its name from the substance that’s lacking.

For more information about these types, please click on the individual disease name.

Muscle cells in metabolic diseases

Where the Problems Lie in Each Disease
genetic defect graphic = genetic defect
  1. Acid maltase deficiency
  2. Muscle phosphorylase deficiency
  3. Debrancher enzyme deficiency
  4. Phosphofructokinase deficiency
  5. Phosphoglycerate kinase deficiency
  6. Phosphoglycerate mutase deficiency
  7. Lactate dehydrogenase deficiency
  8. Carnitine palymityl transferase deficiency
  9. Carnitine deficiency
  10. Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency

Skeletal muscles normally depend on energy from carbohydrates and fats. These fuels can be stored in the muscle (glycogen) or imported directly from the bloodstream (glucose and fatty acids).

When a genetic defect interferes with the processing of specific fuels, energy shortages can occur and toxic byproducts may build up.

Some people may be able to bypass their defects by adjusting diet or exercise to draw energy more efficiently from unaffected pathways.

 

Disease: