Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD)

Sarah Mac Isaac

Location

Lynn, MA

Sarah created this artwork at age 12 on April 24, 1994, in an MDA sponsored children’s art workshop at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. She received an associate’s degree in liberal arts from North Shore Community College and is continuing studies in psychology.

Full name: 
Sarah MacIsaac
Artist: 
Sarah Mac Isaac
Disease: 
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD)
Medium: 
Acrylic

Julia Lee Sanders

Location

Bowie, MD

Julia created this artwork at age 11. In addition to creating artwork, she enjoys writing and has had several poems published in her college literary magazine.

Full name: 
Julia Sanders
Artist: 
Julia Lee Sanders
Disease: 
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD)
Medium: 
Acrylic

Jennifer Sovine Rosman

Location

Sweetser, IN

Jennifer created her artwork at age 15 at an MDA-sponsored children’s art workshop held in Fort Wayne in 1997. She enjoys scrapbooking and crocheting.

Full name: 
Jennifer Rosman
Artist: 
Jennifer Sovine Rosman
Disease: 
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD)
Medium: 
Mixed Media

Research Briefs: FA, MG, MM, MMD1, gene therapy

Edison drugs target FA, mitochondrial diseases

Medical Management

In December 2010, an international panel of doctors and scientists, including many supported by MDA, published standard of care guidelines for CMD. Although directed at physicians and other professionals, the guidelines are helpful to parents as well.

Causes/Inheritance

What causes congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD)?

It isn’t known why the CMDs cause muscle weakness earlier than other types of muscular dystrophy. One possibility is that the muscle proteins affected in CMD are required early in the development of an infant’s muscle, while muscle proteins linked to other muscular dystrophies don’t become important until the muscles begin to get a lot of use as a child grows.

Diagnosis

A diagnosis of CMD can be confusing because for many years the term was used as a “catch-all” name to describe conditions that looked like other muscular dystrophies, but started much earlier or followed different patterns of inheritance.

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